Between March and May 2022, the University of Bologna and AP organised three events to discuss the past, present and future of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) Agenda. The events’ aim was to advance the debate on the challenges and opportunities to promote greater gender equality and women’s empowerment on peace and security—and to encourage this debate in Italy specifically.

The present report, authored by Bernardo Monzani, synthesises the presentations made by experts in the course of the three events, and which converged on three specific points – inclusion; embracing the concept of human security; and the relations between the state and civil society.